Book of Romans - Part 9
Romans (3)

Hello and Welcome to Our Church Without Walls:
I’m preaching this Sunday on THE BOOK OF ROMANS

Today’s Text is Chapters 9 & 10. This is Part 9. Join with us now as I give you an exposition on Paul’s Epistle to the Romans


In Romans 1:16, the Apostle writes, “For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to everyone that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.”

The gospel as "the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes" had been announced in the Apostle's theme to be "first for the Jew." So, in the unfolding of the gospel of grace, what about the Jew? Are the covenants and promises God made with His ancient people empty words? Has God failed them because they failed Him? How do they fit into God's plan of salvation?

Paul's deep love and intense anguish of heart for Israel are expressed in verses 1-3. His words are strikingly reminiscent of Moses' intercession (Exodus 32:1-34) and recall our Lord's weeping over rebellious Jerusalem (Matthew 23:37 - 39). It is the same spirit that gripped the heart of Moses, and that of our Lord for Israel, that gripped Paul's heart.

Paul follows with a statement that distinguished Israel from any other nation (verses 4-5). In fact, eight distinguishing privileges are mentioned: (1) the adoption or sonship (See Exodus 4:22; Deuteronomy 14:1. (2) the glory - on Mt. Sinai and among the people in the holiest place (Exodus 40:34-35; Psalm 147:20). (3) the covenants: first the Abrahamic (Genesis 12:1-3; 13:14-17); the Mosaic (Exodus chapters 20-31); the Palestinian (Deuteronomy chapters 29 -30); the Davidic (2 Samuel 7); and the new covenant (Jeremiah 31:31-33). (4) the law at Sinai; (5) the service of the tabernacle; (6) He promises, the messianic kingdom; (7) the fathers - the patriarchs to whom God revealed Himself; (8) Christ - born of Israel as her anointed Savior - King and given as the world's Redeemer.

According to verse 6, God has not failed in Israel's unbelief. These people are distinctively His. This truth is expounded as the basis of the absolute sovereignty of God over those who are so peculiarly His chosen ones. The spiritual remnant of the nation (verses 6 - 7) are the recipients of the promise. The recipients of the promise (verse 8) descended from a supernaturally generated posterity through Isaac (verse 9). In addition, from among this line, God makes a sovereign choice, selecting Jacob the younger, and setting aside Esau the elder, (verses 10 - 13).

Now in verse 14, God's righteousness (justice) is challenged. Has Jewish unbelief placed God in the position of not being able to keep His word and agreement? Since Israel is distinctively His, cannot God do as He wishes with His own? Is He not free to show His mercy (verses 15-16) or power and wrath (verses 17 - 18), as the case may warrant, in His divine wisdom? His is the day. The divine Potter can make of it that which He sees fit, 21-24. Furthermore, as we see in verses 21–24, the Potter had proclaimed His purpose through the prophets (verse 24) to show that the Gentiles were to become God's people (as shown in verses 25 - 26). At the same time, verses 27 – 29 show that the Jews were forewarned against becoming like Sodom and Gomorrah.

In His infinite wisdom and love, the “Potter” selected the cross as the mold for His redemptive purposes. The Gentiles, in faith, accepted that mold and, in verse 30, obtained a “righteousness that is by faith". In contrast, verses 31-33 shows Israel stumbled through unbelief, seeking legalistic righteousness by works. And according to Habakkuk 2:4, rejecting the principle of faith declared even in their own Scriptures. They stumbled at the stumbling stone plunging headlong out of their land to be weary wanderers over the earth ever since.


According to chapter 10, verse 1, as individuals they need salvation, which is the burden of Paul's heart. They are zealous, but ignorant of God's righteousness. They are busy seeking their own righteousness by law and, according to verse 3, have bypassed God's righteousness. Yet, on the other hand, verse 4 tells us, "Christ is the end of the law so that there may be righteousness for everyone who believes".

The righteousness Paul is talking about is not based on man’s futile attempt in obeying God's law. For those who believe in Christ as their Savior, all it takes is faith and that requires no effort on man’s part. Paul uses the example of one trying to bring Christ down from heaven or up from hell below. Man’s attempts would be in vain. The righteousness of faith, which is judicially reckoned to all who trust Christ, has a its key words found in verses 9-13, "believe", "confess", and "call on the name of the Lord". It results in salvation and, in verse 12, the apostle shows that it is available to both Jew and Gentile without any difference or prejudice.

In verses 14-21, we see God's divine plan for bringing His righteousness to everyone. This involves sending men to preach (verse 15); and people to hear and believe (verse 14). And according to verse 13, believing, they are to call, and all who call will be saved. This method of gospel propagation renders man's unbelief inexcusable. Faith is produced by hearing God's Word in the case of "all the earth" (speaking to the Gentiles). Israel, on the other hand, should have recognized from her Scriptures the extension of this message to the Gentiles. While Gentiles have found God (verse 20), the Jews have rejected God's righteousness through disobedience (verse 21).

Once again, the underlying principle here is for those who choose not to believe will be punished by God. But for those who do believe, confess their sin and hopeless condition for eternal life in heaven are to call upon God for forgiveness and accept His Son, Jesus Christ as their Savior. What about you friend? Do you believe? Have you called upon God? Have you asked for Jesus to be your Savior? If not, right now is a good time to fit into God's plan of salvation because the next breath you take just might be your last.

I’m Doctor Robby sharing His Word, His Work, His Way